The Constitution is a document that explains the rules of our country. It provides the guidelines for all of the valid laws of Canada. Every person living in Canada is subject to and can expect protection under these laws. Based on a tradition of liberal democracy that has been developing for over 800 years, the Constitution of Canadian is informed by the Magna Carta, English common law, the civil code of France, and Canada’s colonial connection to the United Kingdom. The Constitution can change over time as the federal Parliament and provincial legislatures add, remove, or change laws.
The Charter is a part of the Constitution of Canada that describes the rights and freedoms that belong to all Canadians and that cannot be taken away. While other aspects of the Constitution and law can be changed by federal or provincial governments, the Charter limits government power by protecting particular rights and freedoms. Only the courts, primarily the Supreme Court of Canada, can consider questions about Charter rights.
Source: Curio.ca. “#Stand for Canada”. Accessed July 29, 2021. https://www.cbc.ca/curiostandforcanada/content/pdfs/elementary-guide-7.pdf